The African-American Schools of Louisa County

The Jackson District

No narrative is known to exist of the early years of the Jackson District. However, in the Louisa County Archives is a small collection of papers from one of the county's early Superintendent of Schools,



William Jackson Walton William Jackson Walton, Jackson District Superintendent.
Photo courtesy of
the Walton family.
William Jackson Walton (1884-1886). He served as the Jackson District Superintendent from 1871 until 1888 and we draw on his papers to tell the account of the Jackson district.

In 1885, Superintendent Walton reported a total of 19 schools in the Jackson district, nine of which were "Color'd" schools with 376 children enrolled in those nine schools. That same monthly report indicates that, by 1885, there were six African-American teachers on the county public school payroll, including one male and one female in the Jackson District. His papers also include pay vouchers (left)from 1884 that reveal each teacher in the Jackson District, be that teacher white or black, male or female, received $21 for one month's salary. Interestingly, one of the monthly teacher's reports included in his documents is from the only African American teacher in the Jackson District, Alice Burrows, at a small school known only as "public school #6 - colored." As Miss Burrows names her 40 pupils and the textbooks they used, we get a glimpse inside the walls of one of the many schoolhouses now lost to time.


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Funding for this project was provided by The Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and
The Louisa County Historical Society